Characterizing the emergence and persistence of drug resistant mutations in HIV-1 subtype C infections using 454 ultra deep pyrosequencing

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/269757
Title:
Characterizing the emergence and persistence of drug resistant mutations in HIV-1 subtype C infections using 454 ultra deep pyrosequencing
Authors:
Bansode, Vijay; McCormack, Grace P; Crampin, Amelia C; Ngwira, Bagrey; Shrestha, Ram K; French, Neil; Glynn, Judith R; Travers, Simon A
Citation:
BMC Infectious Diseases. 2013 Jan 30;13(1):52
Issue Date:
30-Jan-2013
URI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-13-52; http://hdl.handle.net/10147/269757
Abstract:
Abstract Background The role of HIV-1 RNA in the emergence of resistance to antiretroviral therapies (ARTs) is well documented while less is known about the role of historical viruses stored in the proviral DNA. The primary focus of this work was to characterize the genetic diversity and evolution of HIV drug resistant variants in an individual’s provirus during antiretroviral therapy using next generation sequencing. Methods Blood samples were collected prior to antiretroviral therapy exposure and during the course of treatment from five patients in whom drug resistance mutations had previously been identified using consensus sequencing. The spectrum of viral variants present in the provirus at each sampling time-point were characterized using 454 pyrosequencing from multiple combined PCR products. The prevalence of viral variants containing drug resistant mutations (DRMs) was characterized at each time-point. Results Low abundance drug resistant viruses were identified in 14 of 15 sampling time-points from the five patients. In all individuals DRMs against current therapy were identified at one or more of the sampling time-points. In two of the five individuals studied these DRMs were present prior to treatment exposure and were present at high prevalence within the amplified and sequenced viral population. DRMs to drugs other than those being currently used were identified in four of the five individuals. Conclusion The presence of DRMs in the provirus, regardless of their observed prevalence did not appear to have an effect on clinical outcomes in the short term suggesting that the drug resistant viral variants present in the proviral DNA do not appear to play a role in the short term in facilitating the emergence of drug resistance.
Language:
en
Keywords:
HIV INFECTION; GENETICS

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBansode, Vijayen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMcCormack, Grace Pen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCrampin, Amelia Cen_GB
dc.contributor.authorNgwira, Bagreyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorShrestha, Ram Ken_GB
dc.contributor.authorFrench, Neilen_GB
dc.contributor.authorGlynn, Judith Ren_GB
dc.contributor.authorTravers, Simon Aen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2013-02-19T12:39:25Z-
dc.date.available2013-02-19T12:39:25Z-
dc.date.issued2013-01-30-
dc.identifier.citationBMC Infectious Diseases. 2013 Jan 30;13(1):52en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-13-52-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/269757-
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background The role of HIV-1 RNA in the emergence of resistance to antiretroviral therapies (ARTs) is well documented while less is known about the role of historical viruses stored in the proviral DNA. The primary focus of this work was to characterize the genetic diversity and evolution of HIV drug resistant variants in an individual’s provirus during antiretroviral therapy using next generation sequencing. Methods Blood samples were collected prior to antiretroviral therapy exposure and during the course of treatment from five patients in whom drug resistance mutations had previously been identified using consensus sequencing. The spectrum of viral variants present in the provirus at each sampling time-point were characterized using 454 pyrosequencing from multiple combined PCR products. The prevalence of viral variants containing drug resistant mutations (DRMs) was characterized at each time-point. Results Low abundance drug resistant viruses were identified in 14 of 15 sampling time-points from the five patients. In all individuals DRMs against current therapy were identified at one or more of the sampling time-points. In two of the five individuals studied these DRMs were present prior to treatment exposure and were present at high prevalence within the amplified and sequenced viral population. DRMs to drugs other than those being currently used were identified in four of the five individuals. Conclusion The presence of DRMs in the provirus, regardless of their observed prevalence did not appear to have an effect on clinical outcomes in the short term suggesting that the drug resistant viral variants present in the proviral DNA do not appear to play a role in the short term in facilitating the emergence of drug resistance.-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectHIV INFECTIONen_GB
dc.subjectGENETICSen_GB
dc.titleCharacterizing the emergence and persistence of drug resistant mutations in HIV-1 subtype C infections using 454 ultra deep pyrosequencingen_GB
dc.language.rfc3066en-
dc.rights.holderVijay Bansode et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.-
dc.description.statusPeer Reviewed-
dc.date.updated2013-02-15T06:29:40Z-
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