Health policy responses to the financial crisis in Europe

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/267834
Title:
Health policy responses to the financial crisis in Europe
Other Titles:
Policy Summary 5
Authors:
Mladovsky, Philipa; Srivastava, Divya; Cylus, Jonathan; Karanikolos, Marina; Evetovits,Tamás; Thomson, Sarah; McKee, Martin
Affiliation:
European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies
Publisher:
World Health Organization
Issue Date:
Aug-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/267834
Additional Links:
http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/170865/e96643.pdf
Language:
en
Description:
The global financial crisis that began in 2007 can be classified as a health system shock – that is, an unexpected occurrence originating outside the health system that has a large negative effect on the availability of health system resources or a large positive effect on the demand for health services. Economic shocks present policy-makers with three main challenges: • Health systems require predictable sources of revenue with which to plan investment, determine budgets and purchase goods and services. Sudden interruptions to public revenue streams can make it difficult to maintain necessary levels of health care. • Cuts to public spending on health made in response to an economic shock typically come at a time when health systems may require more, not fewer, resources – for example, to address the adverse health effects of unemployment. • Arbitrary cuts to essential services may further destabilize the health system if they erode financial protection, equitable access to care and the quality of care provided, increasing health and other costs in the longer term. In addition to introducing new inefficiencies, cuts across the board are unlikely to address existing inefficiencies, potentially exacerbating the fiscal constraint. In 2009, WHO’s Regional Committee for Europe adopted a resolution (EUR/RC59/R3) urging Member States to ensure that their health systems would continue to protect and promote universal access to effective health services during a time of economic crisis. To date, there has been no systematic crosscountry analysis of health policy responses to the financial crisis in Europe, although some overviews of health system responses to the crisis have been published. This policy summary aims to address a gap in the literature by presenting a framework for analysing health policy responses to economic shocks; summarizing the results of a survey of health policy responses to the financial crisis in the European Region’s 53 Member States; and discussing the potential effects of these responses on health system performance.
Keywords:
HEALTH POLICY; HEALTH SERVICES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT; ECONOMIC STATUS
Local subject classification:
FINANCIAL CRISIS
ISSN:
2077-1584
Sponsors:
The study benefited from research undertaken for a project funded by the European Commission (DG for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion) on Health Status, Health Care and Long-term care in the European Union (EU), Contract No. VC/2008/932 (Srivastava & Mladovsky, 2011).

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMladovsky, Philipaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSrivastava, Divyaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCylus, Jonathanen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKaranikolos, Marinaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorEvetovits,Tamásen_GB
dc.contributor.authorThomson, Sarahen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMcKee, Martinen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2013-01-31T12:52:47Z-
dc.date.available2013-01-31T12:52:47Z-
dc.date.issued2012-08-
dc.identifier.issn2077-1584-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/267834-
dc.descriptionThe global financial crisis that began in 2007 can be classified as a health system shock – that is, an unexpected occurrence originating outside the health system that has a large negative effect on the availability of health system resources or a large positive effect on the demand for health services. Economic shocks present policy-makers with three main challenges: • Health systems require predictable sources of revenue with which to plan investment, determine budgets and purchase goods and services. Sudden interruptions to public revenue streams can make it difficult to maintain necessary levels of health care. • Cuts to public spending on health made in response to an economic shock typically come at a time when health systems may require more, not fewer, resources – for example, to address the adverse health effects of unemployment. • Arbitrary cuts to essential services may further destabilize the health system if they erode financial protection, equitable access to care and the quality of care provided, increasing health and other costs in the longer term. In addition to introducing new inefficiencies, cuts across the board are unlikely to address existing inefficiencies, potentially exacerbating the fiscal constraint. In 2009, WHO’s Regional Committee for Europe adopted a resolution (EUR/RC59/R3) urging Member States to ensure that their health systems would continue to protect and promote universal access to effective health services during a time of economic crisis. To date, there has been no systematic crosscountry analysis of health policy responses to the financial crisis in Europe, although some overviews of health system responses to the crisis have been published. This policy summary aims to address a gap in the literature by presenting a framework for analysing health policy responses to economic shocks; summarizing the results of a survey of health policy responses to the financial crisis in the European Region’s 53 Member States; and discussing the potential effects of these responses on health system performance.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipThe study benefited from research undertaken for a project funded by the European Commission (DG for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion) on Health Status, Health Care and Long-term care in the European Union (EU), Contract No. VC/2008/932 (Srivastava & Mladovsky, 2011).en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWorld Health Organizationen_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/170865/e96643.pdfen_GB
dc.subjectHEALTH POLICYen_GB
dc.subjectHEALTH SERVICES AND THEIR MANAGEMENTen_GB
dc.subjectECONOMIC STATUSen_GB
dc.subject.otherFINANCIAL CRISISen_GB
dc.titleHealth policy responses to the financial crisis in Europeen_GB
dc.title.alternativePolicy Summary 5en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentEuropean Observatory on Health Systems and Policiesen_GB
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