The effectiveness of seat-belt legislation in the Republic of Ireland [thesis]/by Dr. Mary Murphy

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/246454
Title:
The effectiveness of seat-belt legislation in the Republic of Ireland [thesis]/by Dr. Mary Murphy
Authors:
Murphy, Mary Dr.
Is Part Of:
Thesis presented to the Department of Community Medicine and Epidemiology, University College Dublin, as part requirement for the Degree of Master of Public Health
Affiliation:
Health Service Executive South, North Cork Community Service
Publisher:
University College Dublin (UCD)
Issue Date:
Mar-1986
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/246454
Item Type:
Thesis
Language:
en
Description:
Motor vehicle accidents cause death and disability. The seat belt is designed to keep a vehicle occupant within the vehicle during a crash and reduce the severity of impact by the occupant against ,the vehicle interior immediately after a crash. The seat belt, thus acts to , reduce the injury producing forces brought to bear on the wearer In a crash situation. Seat belt legislation is a health promotion measure aimed at encouraging people to use seat belts and by so doing reducing their risk of death and serious injury in a crash. Legislation regarding use of seat belts is now in operation in 27 jurisdictions • 'Seat belt legislation was introduced In thd Republic of Ireland In February 1979. , S~atbelt legislation has everywhere been effective In increasing seat belt use. The best wearing rate was achieved in Victoria, where 97% of car drivers use seat belts. The most recent survey In Ireland indicates that 60% of front seat car occupants use seat belts. 'Studies on seat belt effectiveness in reducing the risk of fatalities and injuries have been done in other countries. Results of studies suggest that if everybody wore seat belts then deaths and injuries resulting from crashes would be. reduced by 40%. All studies show that the more serious injuries are reduced more than the less serious injuries. Seat belt use is especially effective in reducing head, facial and spinal injuries. Some authors have noled an association between seat belt use and injury production. Injury produced by wearing seat belts, however, may represent a saving from worse injury or death. There is little data available in Ireland on seat belt effectiveness. A protective effect of seat belt use is suggested by accident data. At a population level, however, there has been no decrease in accident casualty figures since the introduction of seat belt legislation. A hospital based study of injury severity and risk of death in relation to seat belt use is proposed in this research. The study population is that of front seat motor vehicle occupants who are involved 1n crashes and who attend the Accident and Emergency Unit of hospital. The study sample will be persons belonging to the study population who present in the Accident and Emergency Units of four Dublin hospitals over a one year period. The proposed study hopes to provide a scientific basis for evaluating the effectiveness of seat belt legislation 1n the Republic of Ireland .
Keywords:
RESEARCH; INJURY; ACCIDENTS
Local subject classification:
ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, Mary Dr.en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-01T14:37:39Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-01T14:37:39Z-
dc.date.issued1986-03-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/246454-
dc.descriptionMotor vehicle accidents cause death and disability. The seat belt is designed to keep a vehicle occupant within the vehicle during a crash and reduce the severity of impact by the occupant against ,the vehicle interior immediately after a crash. The seat belt, thus acts to , reduce the injury producing forces brought to bear on the wearer In a crash situation. Seat belt legislation is a health promotion measure aimed at encouraging people to use seat belts and by so doing reducing their risk of death and serious injury in a crash. Legislation regarding use of seat belts is now in operation in 27 jurisdictions • 'Seat belt legislation was introduced In thd Republic of Ireland In February 1979. , S~atbelt legislation has everywhere been effective In increasing seat belt use. The best wearing rate was achieved in Victoria, where 97% of car drivers use seat belts. The most recent survey In Ireland indicates that 60% of front seat car occupants use seat belts. 'Studies on seat belt effectiveness in reducing the risk of fatalities and injuries have been done in other countries. Results of studies suggest that if everybody wore seat belts then deaths and injuries resulting from crashes would be. reduced by 40%. All studies show that the more serious injuries are reduced more than the less serious injuries. Seat belt use is especially effective in reducing head, facial and spinal injuries. Some authors have noled an association between seat belt use and injury production. Injury produced by wearing seat belts, however, may represent a saving from worse injury or death. There is little data available in Ireland on seat belt effectiveness. A protective effect of seat belt use is suggested by accident data. At a population level, however, there has been no decrease in accident casualty figures since the introduction of seat belt legislation. A hospital based study of injury severity and risk of death in relation to seat belt use is proposed in this research. The study population is that of front seat motor vehicle occupants who are involved 1n crashes and who attend the Accident and Emergency Unit of hospital. The study sample will be persons belonging to the study population who present in the Accident and Emergency Units of four Dublin hospitals over a one year period. The proposed study hopes to provide a scientific basis for evaluating the effectiveness of seat belt legislation 1n the Republic of Ireland .en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherUniversity College Dublin (UCD)en_GB
dc.relation.ispartofThesis presented to the Department of Community Medicine and Epidemiology, University College Dublin, as part requirement for the Degree of Master of Public Healthen_GB
dc.subjectRESEARCHen_GB
dc.subjectINJURYen_GB
dc.subjectACCIDENTSen_GB
dc.subject.otherROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTSen_GB
dc.titleThe effectiveness of seat-belt legislation in the Republic of Ireland [thesis]/by Dr. Mary Murphyen_GB
dc.typeThesisen
dc.contributor.departmentHealth Service Executive South, North Cork Community Serviceen_GB
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