|Files in This Item:|
|Title: ||The effectiveness of seat-belt legislation in the Republic of Ireland [thesis]/by Dr. Mary Murphy|
|Is Part Of: ||Thesis presented to the Department of Community Medicine and Epidemiology, University College Dublin, as part requirement for the Degree of Master of Public Health|
|Affiliation: ||Health Service Executive South, North Cork Community Service|
|Publisher: ||University College Dublin (UCD)|
|Issue Date: ||Mar-1986 |
|Description: ||Motor vehicle accidents cause death and disability.
The seat belt is designed to keep a vehicle occupant within the vehicle during a crash and reduce the severity
of impact by the occupant against ,the vehicle interior
immediately after a crash. The seat belt, thus acts to
, reduce the injury producing forces brought to bear on the wearer In a crash situation.
Seat belt legislation is a health promotion measure aimed at encouraging people to use seat belts and by so doing
reducing their risk of death and serious injury in a crash.
Legislation regarding use of seat belts is now in operation
in 27 jurisdictions • 'Seat belt legislation was introduced
In thd Republic of Ireland In February 1979.
S~atbelt legislation has everywhere been effective In
increasing seat belt use. The best wearing rate was
achieved in Victoria, where 97% of car drivers use seat
belts. The most recent survey In Ireland indicates that
60% of front seat car occupants use seat belts.
'Studies on seat belt effectiveness in reducing the risk of fatalities and injuries have been done in other countries.
Results of studies suggest that if everybody wore seat belts then deaths and injuries resulting from crashes would be.
reduced by 40%. All studies show that the more serious
injuries are reduced more than the less serious injuries.
Seat belt use is especially effective in reducing head,
facial and spinal injuries.
Some authors have noled an association between seat belt
use and injury production. Injury produced by wearing
seat belts, however, may represent a saving from worse
injury or death.
There is little data available in Ireland on seat belt
effectiveness. A protective effect of seat belt use is
suggested by accident data. At a population level,
however, there has been no decrease in accident casualty
figures since the introduction of seat belt legislation.
A hospital based study of injury severity and risk of
death in relation to seat belt use is proposed in this
research. The study population is that of front seat motor vehicle occupants who are involved 1n crashes and who attend the Accident and Emergency Unit of hospital.
The study sample will be persons belonging to the study population who present in the Accident and Emergency Units
of four Dublin hospitals over a one year period.
The proposed study hopes to provide a scientific basis
for evaluating the effectiveness of seat belt legislation
1n the Republic of Ireland .|
|Local subject classification: ||ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS|
|Appears in Collections: ||Theses|
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