Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/241291
Title:
Caregiver psychoeducation for schizophrenia: is gender important?
Authors:
McWilliams, Stephen; Hill, Shane; Mannion, Nora; Kinsella, Anthony; O'Callaghan, Eadbhard
Affiliation:
DETECT Early Intervention in Psychosis Service, Research, 1 Marine Terrace, Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin, Ireland. stephen.mcwilliams@sjog.ie
Citation:
Caregiver psychoeducation for schizophrenia: is gender important? 2007, 22 (5):323-7 Eur. Psychiatry
Journal:
European psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Issue Date:
Jul-2007
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/241291
DOI:
10.1016/j.eurpsy.2006.10.009
PubMed ID:
17434293
Abstract:
Females care for individuals with chronic illness more commonly than males and have different attitudes to illness. Additionally, they experience greater burden and reduced quality of life, when compared to their male counterparts. Since knowledge has been shown to be related to burden, we sought to determine whether there were gender differences in knowledge acquisition during a six-week caregiver psychoeducation programme (CPP).; Caregivers of people with schizophrenia completed a 23-item adapted version of the self-report Family Questionnaire (FQ) before and after the six-week CPP. Using a Generalized Linear Mixed Model, we studied the differences in proportions of correct answers before and after the programme by gender.; Over a 46-month study period, 115 caregivers (58% female) participated in the programme. There was an overall improvement in knowledge with an effect size of 1.12. The improvement was statistically significant (P<0.001) within each of six specific areas of knowledge. However, female caregivers gained more knowledge overall and specifically regarding signs and symptoms, recovery and especially caregiver support. Knowledge gains regarding medication were roughly equal, while male caregivers gained more knowledge about risk factors.; Our findings indicate that there are gender differences in the amount and type of knowledge gained during a CPP, with female caregivers showing greater knowledge acquisition than their male counterparts in most areas. Interventions designed to assist caregivers may be improved by targeting areas of knowledge specific to each gender. Such an approach might further reduce burden and improve the outcome for their relatives affected by schizophrenia.
Item Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
Females care for individuals with chronic illness more commonly than males and have different attitudes to illness. Additionally, they experience greater burden and reduced quality of life, when compared to their male counterparts. Since knowledge has been shown to be related to burden, we sought to determine whether there were gender differences in knowledge acquisition during a six-week caregiver psychoeducation programme (CPP).
Local subject classification:
CAREGIVERS EDUCATION; SCHIZOPHRENIA REHABILITATION; SCHIZOPHRENIC PSYCHOLOGY; IRELAND; HEALTH EDUCATION
MeSH:
Caregivers; Cost of Illness; Curriculum; Female; Health Education; Humans; Ireland; Male; Mental Recall; Quality of Life; Questionnaires; Schizophrenia; Schizophrenic Psychology; Sex Factors; Social Support
ISSN:
0924-9338

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMcWilliams, Stephenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHill, Shaneen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMannion, Noraen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKinsella, Anthonyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorO'Callaghan, Eadbharden_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-04T07:46:51Z-
dc.date.available2012-09-04T07:46:51Z-
dc.date.issued2007-07-
dc.identifier.citationCaregiver psychoeducation for schizophrenia: is gender important? 2007, 22 (5):323-7 Eur. Psychiatryen_GB
dc.identifier.issn0924-9338-
dc.identifier.pmid17434293-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.eurpsy.2006.10.009-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/241291-
dc.descriptionFemales care for individuals with chronic illness more commonly than males and have different attitudes to illness. Additionally, they experience greater burden and reduced quality of life, when compared to their male counterparts. Since knowledge has been shown to be related to burden, we sought to determine whether there were gender differences in knowledge acquisition during a six-week caregiver psychoeducation programme (CPP).en_GB
dc.description.abstractFemales care for individuals with chronic illness more commonly than males and have different attitudes to illness. Additionally, they experience greater burden and reduced quality of life, when compared to their male counterparts. Since knowledge has been shown to be related to burden, we sought to determine whether there were gender differences in knowledge acquisition during a six-week caregiver psychoeducation programme (CPP).-
dc.description.abstractCaregivers of people with schizophrenia completed a 23-item adapted version of the self-report Family Questionnaire (FQ) before and after the six-week CPP. Using a Generalized Linear Mixed Model, we studied the differences in proportions of correct answers before and after the programme by gender.-
dc.description.abstractOver a 46-month study period, 115 caregivers (58% female) participated in the programme. There was an overall improvement in knowledge with an effect size of 1.12. The improvement was statistically significant (P<0.001) within each of six specific areas of knowledge. However, female caregivers gained more knowledge overall and specifically regarding signs and symptoms, recovery and especially caregiver support. Knowledge gains regarding medication were roughly equal, while male caregivers gained more knowledge about risk factors.-
dc.description.abstractOur findings indicate that there are gender differences in the amount and type of knowledge gained during a CPP, with female caregivers showing greater knowledge acquisition than their male counterparts in most areas. Interventions designed to assist caregivers may be improved by targeting areas of knowledge specific to each gender. Such an approach might further reduce burden and improve the outcome for their relatives affected by schizophrenia.-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to European psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatristsen_GB
dc.subject.meshCaregivers-
dc.subject.meshCost of Illness-
dc.subject.meshCurriculum-
dc.subject.meshFemale-
dc.subject.meshHealth Education-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshIreland-
dc.subject.meshMale-
dc.subject.meshMental Recall-
dc.subject.meshQuality of Life-
dc.subject.meshQuestionnaires-
dc.subject.meshSchizophrenia-
dc.subject.meshSchizophrenic Psychology-
dc.subject.meshSex Factors-
dc.subject.meshSocial Support-
dc.subject.otherCAREGIVERS EDUCATIONen_GB
dc.subject.otherSCHIZOPHRENIA REHABILITATIONen_GB
dc.subject.otherSCHIZOPHRENIC PSYCHOLOGYen_GB
dc.subject.otherIRELANDen_GB
dc.subject.otherHEALTH EDUCATIONen_GB
dc.titleCaregiver psychoeducation for schizophrenia: is gender important?en_GB
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentDETECT Early Intervention in Psychosis Service, Research, 1 Marine Terrace, Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin, Ireland. stephen.mcwilliams@sjog.ieen_GB
dc.identifier.journalEuropean psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatristsen_GB

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