How to identify patients with cancer at risk of falling: a review of the evidence.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/221213
Title:
How to identify patients with cancer at risk of falling: a review of the evidence.
Authors:
Stone, Carol A; Lawlor, Peter G; Kenny, Rose Anne
Affiliation:
Department of Education & Research, Our Lady's Hospice and Care Services, Dublin, Ireland. cstone@olh.ie
Citation:
How to identify patients with cancer at risk of falling: a review of the evidence. 2011, 14 (2):221-30 J Palliat Med
Journal:
Journal of palliative medicine
Issue Date:
Feb-2011
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/221213
DOI:
10.1089/jpm.2010.0326
PubMed ID:
21214370
Abstract:
Clinical experience and a limited number of studies suggest that a cancer diagnosis confers a high risk of accidental falls. The negative sequelae of falls in older persons are well documented; risk factors for falls in this population have been extensively investigated and evidence for the efficacy of interventions to reduce falls is steadily emerging. It is not known whether the risk factors for falls and effective interventions for falls risk reduction in patients with cancer are different from those in older persons.; Electronic databases MEDLINE, Embase, and CINAHL were searched for studies of risk factors for falls or effective interventions for falls risk reduction in patients with cancer. Assessment of study quality was performed. Data analysis was descriptive.; Seven studies designed to identify the risk factors for falls in patients with cancer and one study to determine the predictive validity of a screening tool for falls in patients with cancer were included. All had methodological shortcomings, precluding the generation of a new synthesis from this review, but highlighting important design and statistical issues.; Further research is needed to identify patients at risk and inform the design of an interventional model to reduce falls risk. Investigators should be cognizant of the limitations of using cross-sectional study design to answer this research question, should employ validated tools to measure exposure variables, use reliable methods to ascertain the occurrence of falls and appropriate statistical models to adjust for confounding variables.
Item Type:
Article
Language:
en
MeSH:
Accidental Falls; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Humans; Middle Aged; Neoplasms; Risk Assessment; Young Adult
ISSN:
1557-7740

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorStone, Carol Aen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLawlor, Peter Gen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKenny, Rose Anneen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-04-30T15:42:36Z-
dc.date.available2012-04-30T15:42:36Z-
dc.date.issued2011-02-
dc.identifier.citationHow to identify patients with cancer at risk of falling: a review of the evidence. 2011, 14 (2):221-30 J Palliat Meden_GB
dc.identifier.issn1557-7740-
dc.identifier.pmid21214370-
dc.identifier.doi10.1089/jpm.2010.0326-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/221213-
dc.description.abstractClinical experience and a limited number of studies suggest that a cancer diagnosis confers a high risk of accidental falls. The negative sequelae of falls in older persons are well documented; risk factors for falls in this population have been extensively investigated and evidence for the efficacy of interventions to reduce falls is steadily emerging. It is not known whether the risk factors for falls and effective interventions for falls risk reduction in patients with cancer are different from those in older persons.-
dc.description.abstractElectronic databases MEDLINE, Embase, and CINAHL were searched for studies of risk factors for falls or effective interventions for falls risk reduction in patients with cancer. Assessment of study quality was performed. Data analysis was descriptive.-
dc.description.abstractSeven studies designed to identify the risk factors for falls in patients with cancer and one study to determine the predictive validity of a screening tool for falls in patients with cancer were included. All had methodological shortcomings, precluding the generation of a new synthesis from this review, but highlighting important design and statistical issues.-
dc.description.abstractFurther research is needed to identify patients at risk and inform the design of an interventional model to reduce falls risk. Investigators should be cognizant of the limitations of using cross-sectional study design to answer this research question, should employ validated tools to measure exposure variables, use reliable methods to ascertain the occurrence of falls and appropriate statistical models to adjust for confounding variables.-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of palliative medicineen_GB
dc.subject.meshAccidental Falls-
dc.subject.meshAdolescent-
dc.subject.meshAdult-
dc.subject.meshAged-
dc.subject.meshAged, 80 and over-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged-
dc.subject.meshNeoplasms-
dc.subject.meshRisk Assessment-
dc.subject.meshYoung Adult-
dc.titleHow to identify patients with cancer at risk of falling: a review of the evidence.en_GB
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Education & Research, Our Lady's Hospice and Care Services, Dublin, Ireland. cstone@olh.ieen_GB
dc.identifier.journalJournal of palliative medicineen_GB

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