The influence of maternal glycaemia and dietary glycaemic index on pregnancy outcome in healthy mothers.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/217186
Title:
The influence of maternal glycaemia and dietary glycaemic index on pregnancy outcome in healthy mothers.
Authors:
McGowan, Ciara A; McAuliffe, Fionnuala M
Affiliation:
UCD Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, National Maternity Hospital, University College Dublin, Holles Street, Dublin 2, Republic of Ireland.
Citation:
The influence of maternal glycaemia and dietary glycaemic index on pregnancy outcome in healthy mothers. 2010, 104 (2):153-9 Br. J. Nutr.
Journal:
The British journal of nutrition
Issue Date:
Jul-2010
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/217186
DOI:
10.1017/S0007114510000425
PubMed ID:
20307352
Abstract:
Infant birth weight has increased in Ireland in recent years along with levels of childhood overweight and obesity. The present article reviews the current literature on maternal glycaemia and the role of the dietary glycaemic index (GI) and its impact on pregnancy outcomes. It is known that maternal weight and weight gain significantly influence infant birth weight. Fetal macrosomia (birth weight >4000 g) is associated with an increased risk of perinatal trauma to both mother and infant. Furthermore, macrosomic infants have greater risk of being obese in childhood, adolescence and adulthood compared to normal-sized infants. There is evidence that there is a direct relationship between maternal blood glucose levels during pregnancy and fetal growth and size at birth, even when maternal blood glucose levels are within their normal range. Thus, maintaining blood glucose concentrations within normal parameters during pregnancy may reduce the incidence of fetal macrosomia. Maternal diet, and particularly its carbohydrate (CHO) type and content, influences maternal blood glucose concentrations. However, different CHO foods produce different glycaemic responses. The GI was conceived by Jenkins in 1981 as a method for assessing the glycaemic responses of different CHO. Data from clinical studies in healthy pregnant women have documented that consuming a low-GI diet during pregnancy reduces peaks in postprandial glucose levels and normalises infant birth weight. Pregnancy is a physiological condition where the GI may be of particular relevance as glucose is the primary fuel for fetal growth.
Language:
en
MeSH:
Blood Glucose; Diet; Dietary Carbohydrates; Female; Glycemic Index; Humans; Infant, Newborn; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Complications; Pregnancy Outcome
ISSN:
1475-2662
Ethical Approval:
N/A

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMcGowan, Ciara A-
dc.contributor.authorMcAuliffe, Fionnuala M-
dc.date.accessioned2012-03-30T14:03:06Z-
dc.date.available2012-03-30T14:03:06Z-
dc.date.issued2010-07-
dc.identifier.citationThe influence of maternal glycaemia and dietary glycaemic index on pregnancy outcome in healthy mothers. 2010, 104 (2):153-9 Br. J. Nutr.-
dc.identifier.issn1475-2662-
dc.identifier.pmid20307352-
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0007114510000425-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/217186-
dc.description.abstractInfant birth weight has increased in Ireland in recent years along with levels of childhood overweight and obesity. The present article reviews the current literature on maternal glycaemia and the role of the dietary glycaemic index (GI) and its impact on pregnancy outcomes. It is known that maternal weight and weight gain significantly influence infant birth weight. Fetal macrosomia (birth weight >4000 g) is associated with an increased risk of perinatal trauma to both mother and infant. Furthermore, macrosomic infants have greater risk of being obese in childhood, adolescence and adulthood compared to normal-sized infants. There is evidence that there is a direct relationship between maternal blood glucose levels during pregnancy and fetal growth and size at birth, even when maternal blood glucose levels are within their normal range. Thus, maintaining blood glucose concentrations within normal parameters during pregnancy may reduce the incidence of fetal macrosomia. Maternal diet, and particularly its carbohydrate (CHO) type and content, influences maternal blood glucose concentrations. However, different CHO foods produce different glycaemic responses. The GI was conceived by Jenkins in 1981 as a method for assessing the glycaemic responses of different CHO. Data from clinical studies in healthy pregnant women have documented that consuming a low-GI diet during pregnancy reduces peaks in postprandial glucose levels and normalises infant birth weight. Pregnancy is a physiological condition where the GI may be of particular relevance as glucose is the primary fuel for fetal growth.-
dc.language.isoen-
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to The British journal of nutritionen_GB
dc.subject.meshBlood Glucose-
dc.subject.meshDiet-
dc.subject.meshDietary Carbohydrates-
dc.subject.meshFemale-
dc.subject.meshGlycemic Index-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshInfant, Newborn-
dc.subject.meshPregnancy-
dc.subject.meshPregnancy Complications-
dc.subject.meshPregnancy Outcome-
dc.titleThe influence of maternal glycaemia and dietary glycaemic index on pregnancy outcome in healthy mothers.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentUCD Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, National Maternity Hospital, University College Dublin, Holles Street, Dublin 2, Republic of Ireland.-
dc.identifier.journalThe British journal of nutrition-
dc.type.qualificationlevelN/Aen
cr.approval.ethicalN/Aen
dc.description.provinceLeinsteren
dc.description.provinceLeinster-

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