The Alvarado score for predicting acute appendicitis: A systematic review

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/215511
Title:
The Alvarado score for predicting acute appendicitis: A systematic review
Authors:
Ohle, Robert; O'Reilly, Fran; O'Brien, Kirsty K; Fahey, Tom; Dimitrov, Borislav D
Citation:
BMC Medicine. 2011 Dec 28;9(1):139
Issue Date:
28-Dec-2011
URI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1741-7015-9-139; http://hdl.handle.net/10147/215511
Abstract:
Abstract Background The Alvarado score can be used to stratify patients with symptoms of suspected appendicitis; the validity of the score in certain patient groups and at different cut points is still unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the discrimination (diagnostic accuracy) and calibration performance of the Alvarado score. Methods A systematic search of validation studies in Medline, Embase, DARE and The Cochrane library was performed up to April 2011. We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of the score at the two cut-off points: score of 5 (1 to 4 vs. 5 to 10) and score of 7 (1 to 6 vs. 7 to 10). Calibration was analysed across low (1 to 4), intermediate (5 to 6) and high (7 to 10) risk strata. The analysis focused on three sub-groups: men, women and children. Results Forty-two studies were included in the review. In terms of diagnostic accuracy, the cut-point of 5 was good at 'ruling out' admission for appendicitis (sensitivity 99% overall, 96% men, 99% woman, 99% children). At the cut-point of 7, recommended for 'ruling in' appendicitis and progression to surgery, the score performed poorly in each subgroup (specificity overall 81%, men 57%, woman 73%, children 76%). The Alvarado score is well calibrated in men across all risk strata (low RR 1.06, 95% CI 0.87 to 1.28; intermediate 1.09, 0.86 to 1.37 and high 1.02, 0.97 to 1.08). The score over-predicts the probability of appendicitis in children in the intermediate and high risk groups and in women across all risk strata. Conclusions The Alvarado score is a useful diagnostic 'rule out' score at a cut point of 5 for all patient groups. The score is well calibrated in men, inconsistent in children and over-predicts the probability of appendicitis in women across all strata of risk.
Item Type:
Journal Article

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorOhle, Robert-
dc.contributor.authorO'Reilly, Fran-
dc.contributor.authorO'Brien, Kirsty K-
dc.contributor.authorFahey, Tom-
dc.contributor.authorDimitrov, Borislav D-
dc.date.accessioned2012-03-13T10:55:37Z-
dc.date.available2012-03-13T10:55:37Z-
dc.date.issued2011-12-28-
dc.identifier.citationBMC Medicine. 2011 Dec 28;9(1):139-
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1741-7015-9-139-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/215511-
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background The Alvarado score can be used to stratify patients with symptoms of suspected appendicitis; the validity of the score in certain patient groups and at different cut points is still unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the discrimination (diagnostic accuracy) and calibration performance of the Alvarado score. Methods A systematic search of validation studies in Medline, Embase, DARE and The Cochrane library was performed up to April 2011. We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of the score at the two cut-off points: score of 5 (1 to 4 vs. 5 to 10) and score of 7 (1 to 6 vs. 7 to 10). Calibration was analysed across low (1 to 4), intermediate (5 to 6) and high (7 to 10) risk strata. The analysis focused on three sub-groups: men, women and children. Results Forty-two studies were included in the review. In terms of diagnostic accuracy, the cut-point of 5 was good at 'ruling out' admission for appendicitis (sensitivity 99% overall, 96% men, 99% woman, 99% children). At the cut-point of 7, recommended for 'ruling in' appendicitis and progression to surgery, the score performed poorly in each subgroup (specificity overall 81%, men 57%, woman 73%, children 76%). The Alvarado score is well calibrated in men across all risk strata (low RR 1.06, 95% CI 0.87 to 1.28; intermediate 1.09, 0.86 to 1.37 and high 1.02, 0.97 to 1.08). The score over-predicts the probability of appendicitis in children in the intermediate and high risk groups and in women across all risk strata. Conclusions The Alvarado score is a useful diagnostic 'rule out' score at a cut point of 5 for all patient groups. The score is well calibrated in men, inconsistent in children and over-predicts the probability of appendicitis in women across all strata of risk.-
dc.titleThe Alvarado score for predicting acute appendicitis: A systematic review-
dc.typeJournal Article-
dc.language.rfc3066en-
dc.rights.holderOhle et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.-
dc.description.statusPeer Reviewed-
dc.date.updated2012-03-12T20:19:47Z-
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