The incidence of S. aureus bacteraemia in acute hospitals of the Mid-Western Area, Ireland, 2002-2004.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/213690
Title:
The incidence of S. aureus bacteraemia in acute hospitals of the Mid-Western Area, Ireland, 2002-2004.
Authors:
Whyte, D; Monahan, R; Boyle, L; Slevin, B; FitzGerald, R; Barron, D; De Freitas, J; Kelleher, K
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health, Health Service Executive Mid-Western Area, Ireland.
Citation:
The incidence of S. aureus bacteraemia in acute hospitals of the Mid-Western Area, Ireland, 2002-2004. 2005, 10 (5):75-7 Euro Surveill.
Journal:
Euro surveillance : bulletin européen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin
Issue Date:
May-2005
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/213690
PubMed ID:
16077206
Abstract:
Concerns about healthcare-associated infections and the global crisis in antimicrobial resistance has combined to accentuate the fears around so-called "superbugs". In Ireland there is no single agreed indicator regarded as a true measure of the level of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in hospitals. The objective of this study was to compare two crude measures of MRSA--the percentage of bacteraemia caused by MRSA and the incidence rate (per 1000 bed days used) of MRSA bacteraemia in six acute hospitals. We examined all blood cultures positive for S. aureus (methicillin sensitive and resistant) from 2002 to 2004 in the Health Service Executive (HSE) Mid-Western Area of Ireland. Hospital In-Patient Enquiry (HIPE) data was used to determine monthly in-patient bed days used. Of 245 patient episodes of bacteraemia, 119 were MRSA. The trends in the percentage of isolates that were MRSA and the incidence rate calculated were compared. The incidence rate appears to be a more reliable and robust indicator of MRSA in hospitals than the percentage. Despite many difficulties in interpreting indicators of MRSA they should not preclude the regular publication of data at least at regional level in Ireland.
Item Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
HEALTH PROTECTION
Local subject classification:
PUBLIC HEALTH DEPARTMENT; INFECTIOUS DISEASES
MeSH:
Acute Disease; Bacteremia; Critical Care; Cross Infection; Hospitalization; Humans; Incidence; Ireland; Methicillin Resistance; Population Surveillance; Reproducibility of Results; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Sensitivity and Specificity; Staphylococcal Infections; Staphylococcus aureus
ISSN:
1560-7917

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWhyte, Den
dc.contributor.authorMonahan, Ren
dc.contributor.authorBoyle, Len
dc.contributor.authorSlevin, Ben
dc.contributor.authorFitzGerald, Ren
dc.contributor.authorBarron, Den
dc.contributor.authorDe Freitas, Jen
dc.contributor.authorKelleher, Ken
dc.date.accessioned2012-03-01T09:34:50Z-
dc.date.available2012-03-01T09:34:50Z-
dc.date.issued2005-05-
dc.identifier.citationThe incidence of S. aureus bacteraemia in acute hospitals of the Mid-Western Area, Ireland, 2002-2004. 2005, 10 (5):75-7 Euro Surveill.en
dc.identifier.issn1560-7917-
dc.identifier.pmid16077206-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/213690-
dc.description.abstractConcerns about healthcare-associated infections and the global crisis in antimicrobial resistance has combined to accentuate the fears around so-called "superbugs". In Ireland there is no single agreed indicator regarded as a true measure of the level of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in hospitals. The objective of this study was to compare two crude measures of MRSA--the percentage of bacteraemia caused by MRSA and the incidence rate (per 1000 bed days used) of MRSA bacteraemia in six acute hospitals. We examined all blood cultures positive for S. aureus (methicillin sensitive and resistant) from 2002 to 2004 in the Health Service Executive (HSE) Mid-Western Area of Ireland. Hospital In-Patient Enquiry (HIPE) data was used to determine monthly in-patient bed days used. Of 245 patient episodes of bacteraemia, 119 were MRSA. The trends in the percentage of isolates that were MRSA and the incidence rate calculated were compared. The incidence rate appears to be a more reliable and robust indicator of MRSA in hospitals than the percentage. Despite many difficulties in interpreting indicators of MRSA they should not preclude the regular publication of data at least at regional level in Ireland.-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectHEALTH PROTECTIONen
dc.subject.meshAcute Disease-
dc.subject.meshBacteremia-
dc.subject.meshCritical Care-
dc.subject.meshCross Infection-
dc.subject.meshHospitalization-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshIncidence-
dc.subject.meshIreland-
dc.subject.meshMethicillin Resistance-
dc.subject.meshPopulation Surveillance-
dc.subject.meshReproducibility of Results-
dc.subject.meshRisk Assessment-
dc.subject.meshRisk Factors-
dc.subject.meshSensitivity and Specificity-
dc.subject.meshStaphylococcal Infections-
dc.subject.meshStaphylococcus aureus-
dc.subject.otherPUBLIC HEALTH DEPARTMENTen
dc.subject.otherINFECTIOUS DISEASESen
dc.titleThe incidence of S. aureus bacteraemia in acute hospitals of the Mid-Western Area, Ireland, 2002-2004.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Public Health, Health Service Executive Mid-Western Area, Ireland.en
dc.identifier.journalEuro surveillance : bulletin européen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletinen

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