Effect of anxiety on the rate of gastric emptying of liquids.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/209165
Title:
Effect of anxiety on the rate of gastric emptying of liquids.
Authors:
Lydon, A; McGinley, J; Cooke, T; Duggan, P F; Shorten, G D
Affiliation:
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Cork University Hospital, , Ireland.
Citation:
Br J Anaesth. 1998 Oct;81(4):522-5.
Journal:
British journal of anaesthesia
Issue Date:
3-Feb-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/209165
PubMed ID:
9924224
Abstract:
The efficacy of preoperative fasting is reduced in the presence of any factor which delays gastric emptying. We examined the association between anxiety and gastric emptying in adult patients undergoing elective surgery. Immediately before operation, 21 patients completed both a Spielberger state trait inventory (used to quantify current anxiety state (STAIs) and anxiety predisposition (STAIt)), and the Amsterdam preoperative anxiety and information scale (used to quantify anxiety and need for information). Gastric emptying was measured using the paracetamol absorption technique. Four to 10 weeks later, gastric emptying and STAI were measured again. Patients were more anxious before than after operation (STAIs = mean 35.4 (SD 10.9) and 25 (4.1), respectively; P = 0.0004). Neither anxiety state (P = 0.40) nor measures of anxiety relative to anxiety predisposition (P = 0.86) influenced gastric emptying (as measured by area under the paracetamol absorption-time curve). This contrasts with previous findings that anxiety in patients with low anxiety predisposition scores delays gastric emptying.
Language:
eng
MeSH:
Acetaminophen/diagnostic use; Adult; Analgesics, Non-Narcotic/diagnostic use; Anxiety/*physiopathology; Fasting; Female; Gastric Emptying/*physiology; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Preoperative Care; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales; Regression Analysis; Surgical Procedures, Elective; Water/*metabolism
ISSN:
0007-0912 (Print); 0007-0912 (Linking)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorLydon, Aen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMcGinley, Jen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCooke, Ten_GB
dc.contributor.authorDuggan, P Fen_GB
dc.contributor.authorShorten, G Den_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-03T15:13:59Z-
dc.date.available2012-02-03T15:13:59Z-
dc.date.issued2012-02-03T15:13:59Z-
dc.identifier.citationBr J Anaesth. 1998 Oct;81(4):522-5.en_GB
dc.identifier.issn0007-0912 (Print)en_GB
dc.identifier.issn0007-0912 (Linking)en_GB
dc.identifier.pmid9924224en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/209165-
dc.description.abstractThe efficacy of preoperative fasting is reduced in the presence of any factor which delays gastric emptying. We examined the association between anxiety and gastric emptying in adult patients undergoing elective surgery. Immediately before operation, 21 patients completed both a Spielberger state trait inventory (used to quantify current anxiety state (STAIs) and anxiety predisposition (STAIt)), and the Amsterdam preoperative anxiety and information scale (used to quantify anxiety and need for information). Gastric emptying was measured using the paracetamol absorption technique. Four to 10 weeks later, gastric emptying and STAI were measured again. Patients were more anxious before than after operation (STAIs = mean 35.4 (SD 10.9) and 25 (4.1), respectively; P = 0.0004). Neither anxiety state (P = 0.40) nor measures of anxiety relative to anxiety predisposition (P = 0.86) influenced gastric emptying (as measured by area under the paracetamol absorption-time curve). This contrasts with previous findings that anxiety in patients with low anxiety predisposition scores delays gastric emptying.en_GB
dc.language.isoengen_GB
dc.subject.meshAcetaminophen/diagnostic useen_GB
dc.subject.meshAdulten_GB
dc.subject.meshAnalgesics, Non-Narcotic/diagnostic useen_GB
dc.subject.meshAnxiety/*physiopathologyen_GB
dc.subject.meshFastingen_GB
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_GB
dc.subject.meshGastric Emptying/*physiologyen_GB
dc.subject.meshHumansen_GB
dc.subject.meshMaleen_GB
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_GB
dc.subject.meshPreoperative Careen_GB
dc.subject.meshPsychiatric Status Rating Scalesen_GB
dc.subject.meshRegression Analysisen_GB
dc.subject.meshSurgical Procedures, Electiveen_GB
dc.subject.meshWater/*metabolismen_GB
dc.titleEffect of anxiety on the rate of gastric emptying of liquids.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Cork University Hospital, , Ireland.en_GB
dc.identifier.journalBritish journal of anaesthesiaen_GB
dc.description.provinceMunster-

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