Alzheimer disease: functional abnormalities in the dorsal visual pathway.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/207917
Title:
Alzheimer disease: functional abnormalities in the dorsal visual pathway.
Authors:
Bokde, Arun L W; Lopez-Bayo, Patricia; Born, Christine; Ewers, Michael; Meindl, Thomas; Teipel, Stefen J; Faltraco, Frank; Reiser, Maximilian F; Moller, Hans-Juergen; Hampel, Harald
Affiliation:
Discipline of Psychiatry, School of Medicine and Trinity College Institute of, Neuroscience, Laboratory of Neuroimaging and Biomarker Research, Trinity College , Dublin, Adelaide and Meath Hospital incorporating National Children's Hospital,, Dublin, Ireland. Arun.Bokde@tcd.ie
Citation:
Radiology. 2010 Jan;254(1):219-26.
Journal:
Radiology
Issue Date:
1-Feb-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/207917
DOI:
10.1148/radiol.2541090558
PubMed ID:
20032154
Abstract:
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) have altered activation compared with age-matched healthy control (HC) subjects during a task that typically recruits the dorsal visual pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, with institutional ethics committee approval, and all subjects provided written informed consent. Two tasks were performed to investigate neural function: face matching and location matching. Twelve patients with mild AD and 14 age-matched HC subjects were included. Brain activation was measured by using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Group statistical analyses were based on a mixed-effects model corrected for multiple comparisons. RESULTS: Task performance was not statistically different between the two groups, and within groups there were no differences in task performance. In the HC group, the visual perception tasks selectively activated the visual pathways. Conversely in the AD group, there was no selective activation during performance of these same tasks. Along the dorsal visual pathway, the AD group recruited additional regions, primarily in the parietal and frontal lobes, for the location-matching task. There were no differences in activation between groups during the face-matching task. CONCLUSION: The increased activation in the AD group may represent a compensatory mechanism for decreased processing effectiveness in early visual areas of patients with AD. The findings support the idea that the dorsal visual pathway is more susceptible to putative AD-related neuropathologic changes than is the ventral visual pathway.
Language:
eng
MeSH:
Adult; Aged; Alzheimer Disease/*physiopathology; Brain Mapping; Case-Control Studies; Female; Humans; Magnetic Resonance Imaging/*methods; Male; Neuropsychological Tests; Photic Stimulation; Task Performance and Analysis; Visual Cortex/*physiopathology; Visual Perception/*physiology
ISSN:
1527-1315 (Electronic); 0033-8419 (Linking)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBokde, Arun L Wen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLopez-Bayo, Patriciaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBorn, Christineen_GB
dc.contributor.authorEwers, Michaelen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMeindl, Thomasen_GB
dc.contributor.authorTeipel, Stefen Jen_GB
dc.contributor.authorFaltraco, Franken_GB
dc.contributor.authorReiser, Maximilian Fen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMoller, Hans-Juergenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHampel, Haralden_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-01T10:50:03Z-
dc.date.available2012-02-01T10:50:03Z-
dc.date.issued2012-02-01T10:50:03Z-
dc.identifier.citationRadiology. 2010 Jan;254(1):219-26.en_GB
dc.identifier.issn1527-1315 (Electronic)en_GB
dc.identifier.issn0033-8419 (Linking)en_GB
dc.identifier.pmid20032154en_GB
dc.identifier.doi10.1148/radiol.2541090558en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/207917-
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE: To evaluate whether patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) have altered activation compared with age-matched healthy control (HC) subjects during a task that typically recruits the dorsal visual pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, with institutional ethics committee approval, and all subjects provided written informed consent. Two tasks were performed to investigate neural function: face matching and location matching. Twelve patients with mild AD and 14 age-matched HC subjects were included. Brain activation was measured by using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Group statistical analyses were based on a mixed-effects model corrected for multiple comparisons. RESULTS: Task performance was not statistically different between the two groups, and within groups there were no differences in task performance. In the HC group, the visual perception tasks selectively activated the visual pathways. Conversely in the AD group, there was no selective activation during performance of these same tasks. Along the dorsal visual pathway, the AD group recruited additional regions, primarily in the parietal and frontal lobes, for the location-matching task. There were no differences in activation between groups during the face-matching task. CONCLUSION: The increased activation in the AD group may represent a compensatory mechanism for decreased processing effectiveness in early visual areas of patients with AD. The findings support the idea that the dorsal visual pathway is more susceptible to putative AD-related neuropathologic changes than is the ventral visual pathway.en_GB
dc.language.isoengen_GB
dc.subject.meshAdulten_GB
dc.subject.meshAgeden_GB
dc.subject.meshAlzheimer Disease/*physiopathologyen_GB
dc.subject.meshBrain Mappingen_GB
dc.subject.meshCase-Control Studiesen_GB
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_GB
dc.subject.meshHumansen_GB
dc.subject.meshMagnetic Resonance Imaging/*methodsen_GB
dc.subject.meshMaleen_GB
dc.subject.meshNeuropsychological Testsen_GB
dc.subject.meshPhotic Stimulationen_GB
dc.subject.meshTask Performance and Analysisen_GB
dc.subject.meshVisual Cortex/*physiopathologyen_GB
dc.subject.meshVisual Perception/*physiologyen_GB
dc.titleAlzheimer disease: functional abnormalities in the dorsal visual pathway.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentDiscipline of Psychiatry, School of Medicine and Trinity College Institute of, Neuroscience, Laboratory of Neuroimaging and Biomarker Research, Trinity College , Dublin, Adelaide and Meath Hospital incorporating National Children's Hospital,, Dublin, Ireland. Arun.Bokde@tcd.ieen_GB
dc.identifier.journalRadiologyen_GB
dc.description.provinceLeinster-

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