Preventing unintentional injury in children and adolescents--the importance of local injury data collection.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/207368
Title:
Preventing unintentional injury in children and adolescents--the importance of local injury data collection.
Authors:
O'Carroll, C; Egleston, C; Nicholson, A J
Affiliation:
Department of Paediatrics and Emergency Medicine, Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital,, Drogheda, Co Louth.
Citation:
Ir Med J. 2009 May;102(5):152-4.
Journal:
Irish medical journal
Issue Date:
1-Feb-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/207368
PubMed ID:
19623812
Abstract:
We sought to prospectively study all injuries in children and adolescents up to 16 years of age presenting to a regional Emergency Department (ED), to ascertain detailed injury patterns and to use this data to recommend injury prevention priorities. Electronic injury surveillance was prospectively collected over a 10 year period (1997-2007) in a hospital with a paediatric catchment population of 75,000 in a region with pockets of high social deprivation. All fatalities were obtained from data provided by the Central Statistics Office (CSO). Over a 10 year period, there were 31 fatalities, 5,408 admissions and 40,817 new attendances due to injury. Males outnumbered females in a 3:2 ratio. Of all injuries 24,317 (60%) occurred at home. Peak injury presentation time was in the evening between 18:00 and 20:00. Minor injuries (bruises, minor head injuries, lacerations and sprains) accounted for 32,456 (80%) of total. Fractures resulting from high falls (n=1,194) tended to result from bunk beds, staircases, horses, walls and playground equipment. Burns (n=630) involved hot liquids (tea, coffee), hot bath water, hot cooking oil and hot cooking plates. Pedestrian injuries (n=251) were predominantly 'dart outs' in urban areas. Car passenger injuries (n=869) showed low rates of documented car restraint use. Poisonings (n= 1,153) were predominantly medicinal products. Cyclist injuries (n=477) indicated low documented use of appropriate helmet wear. Prevention priorities should focus on home injuries, hot liquid burn and scald injuries and high falls from walls, beds and playground equipment. To prevent road-related injuries and deaths, further legislation, urban planning and greater police enforcement is required.
Language:
eng
MeSH:
Accident Prevention/*methods/statistics & numerical data; Accidental Falls/prevention & control/*statistics & numerical data; Accidents, Traffic/prevention & control/*statistics & numerical data; Adolescent; Age Factors; Child; Data Collection; Female; Humans; Ireland; Male; Population Surveillance; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors
ISSN:
0332-3102 (Print); 0332-3102 (Linking)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorO'Carroll, Cen_GB
dc.contributor.authorEgleston, Cen_GB
dc.contributor.authorNicholson, A Jen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-01T10:21:44Z-
dc.date.available2012-02-01T10:21:44Z-
dc.date.issued2012-02-01T10:21:44Z-
dc.identifier.citationIr Med J. 2009 May;102(5):152-4.en_GB
dc.identifier.issn0332-3102 (Print)en_GB
dc.identifier.issn0332-3102 (Linking)en_GB
dc.identifier.pmid19623812en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/207368-
dc.description.abstractWe sought to prospectively study all injuries in children and adolescents up to 16 years of age presenting to a regional Emergency Department (ED), to ascertain detailed injury patterns and to use this data to recommend injury prevention priorities. Electronic injury surveillance was prospectively collected over a 10 year period (1997-2007) in a hospital with a paediatric catchment population of 75,000 in a region with pockets of high social deprivation. All fatalities were obtained from data provided by the Central Statistics Office (CSO). Over a 10 year period, there were 31 fatalities, 5,408 admissions and 40,817 new attendances due to injury. Males outnumbered females in a 3:2 ratio. Of all injuries 24,317 (60%) occurred at home. Peak injury presentation time was in the evening between 18:00 and 20:00. Minor injuries (bruises, minor head injuries, lacerations and sprains) accounted for 32,456 (80%) of total. Fractures resulting from high falls (n=1,194) tended to result from bunk beds, staircases, horses, walls and playground equipment. Burns (n=630) involved hot liquids (tea, coffee), hot bath water, hot cooking oil and hot cooking plates. Pedestrian injuries (n=251) were predominantly 'dart outs' in urban areas. Car passenger injuries (n=869) showed low rates of documented car restraint use. Poisonings (n= 1,153) were predominantly medicinal products. Cyclist injuries (n=477) indicated low documented use of appropriate helmet wear. Prevention priorities should focus on home injuries, hot liquid burn and scald injuries and high falls from walls, beds and playground equipment. To prevent road-related injuries and deaths, further legislation, urban planning and greater police enforcement is required.en_GB
dc.language.isoengen_GB
dc.subject.meshAccident Prevention/*methods/statistics & numerical dataen_GB
dc.subject.meshAccidental Falls/prevention & control/*statistics & numerical dataen_GB
dc.subject.meshAccidents, Traffic/prevention & control/*statistics & numerical dataen_GB
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_GB
dc.subject.meshAge Factorsen_GB
dc.subject.meshChilden_GB
dc.subject.meshData Collectionen_GB
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_GB
dc.subject.meshHumansen_GB
dc.subject.meshIrelanden_GB
dc.subject.meshMaleen_GB
dc.subject.meshPopulation Surveillanceen_GB
dc.subject.meshProspective Studiesen_GB
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen_GB
dc.titlePreventing unintentional injury in children and adolescents--the importance of local injury data collection.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Paediatrics and Emergency Medicine, Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital,, Drogheda, Co Louth.en_GB
dc.identifier.journalIrish medical journalen_GB
dc.description.provinceLeinster-

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