Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/203929
Title:
Spontaneous pneumothorax
Authors:
Wakai, Abel P
Affiliation:
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd
Citation:
Clinical Evidence 2011;01:1505
Issue Date:
Jan-2011
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/203929
Item Type:
Guideline
Language:
en
Description:
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of spontaneous pneumothorax is 24/100,000 a year in men and 9.9/100,000 a year in women in England and Wales. The major contributing factor is smoking, which increases the likelihood by 22 times in men, and by 8 times in women. While death from spontaneous pneumothorax is rare, rates of recurrence are high, with one study of men in the USA finding a total recurrence rate of 35%. METHODS AND OUTCOMES:We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of treatments in people presenting with spontaneous pneumothorax? What are the effects of interventions to prevent recurrence in people with previous spontaneous pneumothorax? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to January 2010 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically, please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). RESULTS: We found 17 systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria.We performed a GRADE evaluation of the quality of evidence for interventions. CONCLUSIONS: In this systematic review we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions: chest-tube drainage (alone or plus suction), chest tubes (small, standard sizes, one-way valves), needle aspiration, and pleurodesis.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWakai, Abel Pen
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-20T09:34:41Z-
dc.date.available2012-01-20T09:34:41Z-
dc.date.issued2011-01-
dc.identifier.citationClinical Evidence 2011;01:1505en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/203929-
dc.descriptionINTRODUCTION: The incidence of spontaneous pneumothorax is 24/100,000 a year in men and 9.9/100,000 a year in women in England and Wales. The major contributing factor is smoking, which increases the likelihood by 22 times in men, and by 8 times in women. While death from spontaneous pneumothorax is rare, rates of recurrence are high, with one study of men in the USA finding a total recurrence rate of 35%. METHODS AND OUTCOMES:We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of treatments in people presenting with spontaneous pneumothorax? What are the effects of interventions to prevent recurrence in people with previous spontaneous pneumothorax? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to January 2010 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically, please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). RESULTS: We found 17 systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria.We performed a GRADE evaluation of the quality of evidence for interventions. CONCLUSIONS: In this systematic review we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions: chest-tube drainage (alone or plus suction), chest tubes (small, standard sizes, one-way valves), needle aspiration, and pleurodesis.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.titleSpontaneous pneumothoraxen
dc.typeGuidelineen
dc.contributor.departmentBMJ Publishing Group Ltden
dc.description.provinceLeinster-
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