The prevalence of dental caries and fissure sealants in 12 year old children by disadvantaged status in Dublin (Ireland).

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/123943
Title:
The prevalence of dental caries and fissure sealants in 12 year old children by disadvantaged status in Dublin (Ireland).
Authors:
Sagheri, D; McLoughlin, J; Clarkson, J J
Affiliation:
Department of Public and Child Dental Health, Dublin Dental School and Hospital, Trinity College, Ireland. darius.sagheri@dental.tcd.ie
Citation:
The prevalence of dental caries and fissure sealants in 12 year old children by disadvantaged status in Dublin (Ireland). 2009, 26 (1):32-7 Community Dent Health
Journal:
Community dental health
Issue Date:
Mar-2009
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/123943
PubMed ID:
19385438
Abstract:
The aim was to record dental caries levels and the presence of fissure sealants in 12-year-old schoolchildren whose domestic water supply had been fluoridated since birth in Dublin (Ireland).; Cross-sectional study. Participants A representative, random sample of 12-year-old schoolchildren in north-west Dublin.; Dental caries levels were recorded using WHO criteria and fissure sealant was recorded when sealant was detectable on a permanent molar tooth. Medical card ownership, as a surrogate for disadvantage, was recorded by use of a questionnaire.; Three-hundred and thirty-two (332) children were examined. The mean DMFT was 0.80 (SD 1.24). Analysis (Mann-Whitney U test) based on stratification of the sample according to medical-card status revealed no statistically significant difference between DMFT median scores of children of medical-card holders (i.e., social disadvantage background) and non medical-card holders (p-value = 0.23). However, the data revealed a social gradient in the presence of at least one fissure sealant. Approximately 10% more children in the group of medical-card holders had no fissure sealants present. Fisher's exact test was used to examine the association between the absence of fissure sealants and at least one fissure sealant between the two groups and was considered to be statistically significant (p-value = 0.04).; This study demonstrated a social gradient in the presence of fissure sealants, but no such gradient in dental caries levels. This demonstrates the importance of population-based measures in the prevention of dental caries, such as water fluoridation, in reducing oral health inequalities.
Item Type:
Article
Language:
en
MeSH:
Adolescent; Child; Cross-Sectional Studies; Dental Care for Children; Dental Caries; Dental Health Surveys; Dentition, Permanent; Humans; Ireland; Molar; Pit and Fissure Sealants; Poverty; Prevalence; Socioeconomic Factors
ISSN:
0265-539X

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSagheri, Den
dc.contributor.authorMcLoughlin, Jen
dc.contributor.authorClarkson, J Jen
dc.date.accessioned2011-03-08T15:43:07Z-
dc.date.available2011-03-08T15:43:07Z-
dc.date.issued2009-03-
dc.identifier.citationThe prevalence of dental caries and fissure sealants in 12 year old children by disadvantaged status in Dublin (Ireland). 2009, 26 (1):32-7 Community Dent Healthen
dc.identifier.issn0265-539X-
dc.identifier.pmid19385438-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/123943-
dc.description.abstractThe aim was to record dental caries levels and the presence of fissure sealants in 12-year-old schoolchildren whose domestic water supply had been fluoridated since birth in Dublin (Ireland).-
dc.description.abstractCross-sectional study. Participants A representative, random sample of 12-year-old schoolchildren in north-west Dublin.-
dc.description.abstractDental caries levels were recorded using WHO criteria and fissure sealant was recorded when sealant was detectable on a permanent molar tooth. Medical card ownership, as a surrogate for disadvantage, was recorded by use of a questionnaire.-
dc.description.abstractThree-hundred and thirty-two (332) children were examined. The mean DMFT was 0.80 (SD 1.24). Analysis (Mann-Whitney U test) based on stratification of the sample according to medical-card status revealed no statistically significant difference between DMFT median scores of children of medical-card holders (i.e., social disadvantage background) and non medical-card holders (p-value = 0.23). However, the data revealed a social gradient in the presence of at least one fissure sealant. Approximately 10% more children in the group of medical-card holders had no fissure sealants present. Fisher's exact test was used to examine the association between the absence of fissure sealants and at least one fissure sealant between the two groups and was considered to be statistically significant (p-value = 0.04).-
dc.description.abstractThis study demonstrated a social gradient in the presence of fissure sealants, but no such gradient in dental caries levels. This demonstrates the importance of population-based measures in the prevention of dental caries, such as water fluoridation, in reducing oral health inequalities.-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subject.meshAdolescent-
dc.subject.meshChild-
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studies-
dc.subject.meshDental Care for Children-
dc.subject.meshDental Caries-
dc.subject.meshDental Health Surveys-
dc.subject.meshDentition, Permanent-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshIreland-
dc.subject.meshMolar-
dc.subject.meshPit and Fissure Sealants-
dc.subject.meshPoverty-
dc.subject.meshPrevalence-
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factors-
dc.titleThe prevalence of dental caries and fissure sealants in 12 year old children by disadvantaged status in Dublin (Ireland).en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Public and Child Dental Health, Dublin Dental School and Hospital, Trinity College, Ireland. darius.sagheri@dental.tcd.ieen
dc.identifier.journalCommunity dental healthen
dc.description.provinceLeinster-

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