Update of Clostridium difficile infection due to PCR ribotype 027 in Europe, 2008.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/104974
Title:
Update of Clostridium difficile infection due to PCR ribotype 027 in Europe, 2008.
Authors:
Kuijper, E J; Barbut, F; Brazier, J S; Kleinkauf, N; Eckmanns, T; Lambert, M L; Drudy, D; Fitzpatrick, F; Wiuff, C; Brown, D J; Coia, J E; Pituch, H; Reichert, P; Even, J; Mossong, J; Widmer, A F; Olsen, K E; Allerberger, F; Notermans, D W; Delmée, M; Coignard, B; Wilcox, M; Patel, B; Frei, R; Nagy, E; Bouza, E; Marin, M; Akerlund, T; Virolainen-Julkunen, A; Lyytikäinen, O; Kotila, S; Ingebretsen, A; Smyth, B; Rooney, P; Poxton, I R; Monnet, D L
Affiliation:
National Reference Laboratory for Clostridium difficile. Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Citation:
Update of Clostridium difficile infection due to PCR ribotype 027 in Europe, 2008. 2008, 13 (31): Euro Surveill.
Journal:
Euro surveillance : bulletin européen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin
Issue Date:
31-Jul-2008
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/104974
PubMed ID:
18761903
Additional Links:
http://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId=18942
Abstract:
Outbreaks of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) with increased severity, high relapse rate and significant mortality have been related to the emergence of a new, hypervirulent C. difficile strain in North America and Europe. This emerging strain is referred to as PCR ribotype 027 (Type 027). Since 2005, individual countries have developed surveillance studies about the spread of type 027.C. difficile Type 027 has been reported in 16 European countries. It has been responsible for outbreaks in Belgium, Germany, Finland, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Switzerland and the United Kingdom (England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland). It has also been detected in Austria, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Hungary, Poland and Spain. Three countries experienced imported patients with CDI due to Type 027 who acquired the infection abroad.The antimicrobial resistance pattern is changing, and outbreaks due to clindamycin-resistant ermB positive Type 027 strains have occurred in three European countries. Ongoing epidemiological surveillance of cases of CDI, with periodic characterisation of the strains involved, is required to detect clustering of cases in time and space and to monitor the emergence of new, highly virulent clones.
Item Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
COMMUNICABLE DISEASE
Local subject classification:
CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE
MeSH:
Clostridium difficile; Disease Outbreaks; Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous; Europe; European Union; Humans; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Population Surveillance; Ribotyping
ISSN:
1560-7917

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKuijper, E Jen
dc.contributor.authorBarbut, Fen
dc.contributor.authorBrazier, J Sen
dc.contributor.authorKleinkauf, Nen
dc.contributor.authorEckmanns, Ten
dc.contributor.authorLambert, M Len
dc.contributor.authorDrudy, Den
dc.contributor.authorFitzpatrick, Fen
dc.contributor.authorWiuff, Cen
dc.contributor.authorBrown, D Jen
dc.contributor.authorCoia, J Een
dc.contributor.authorPituch, Hen
dc.contributor.authorReichert, Pen
dc.contributor.authorEven, Jen
dc.contributor.authorMossong, Jen
dc.contributor.authorWidmer, A Fen
dc.contributor.authorOlsen, K Een
dc.contributor.authorAllerberger, Fen
dc.contributor.authorNotermans, D Wen
dc.contributor.authorDelmée, Men
dc.contributor.authorCoignard, Ben
dc.contributor.authorWilcox, Men
dc.contributor.authorPatel, Ben
dc.contributor.authorFrei, Ren
dc.contributor.authorNagy, Een
dc.contributor.authorBouza, Een
dc.contributor.authorMarin, Men
dc.contributor.authorAkerlund, Ten
dc.contributor.authorVirolainen-Julkunen, Aen
dc.contributor.authorLyytikäinen, Oen
dc.contributor.authorKotila, Sen
dc.contributor.authorIngebretsen, Aen
dc.contributor.authorSmyth, Ben
dc.contributor.authorRooney, Pen
dc.contributor.authorPoxton, I Ren
dc.contributor.authorMonnet, D Len
dc.date.accessioned2010-06-17T09:47:25Z-
dc.date.available2010-06-17T09:47:25Z-
dc.date.issued2008-07-31-
dc.identifier.citationUpdate of Clostridium difficile infection due to PCR ribotype 027 in Europe, 2008. 2008, 13 (31): Euro Surveill.en
dc.identifier.issn1560-7917-
dc.identifier.pmid18761903-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/104974-
dc.description.abstractOutbreaks of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) with increased severity, high relapse rate and significant mortality have been related to the emergence of a new, hypervirulent C. difficile strain in North America and Europe. This emerging strain is referred to as PCR ribotype 027 (Type 027). Since 2005, individual countries have developed surveillance studies about the spread of type 027.C. difficile Type 027 has been reported in 16 European countries. It has been responsible for outbreaks in Belgium, Germany, Finland, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Switzerland and the United Kingdom (England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland). It has also been detected in Austria, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Hungary, Poland and Spain. Three countries experienced imported patients with CDI due to Type 027 who acquired the infection abroad.The antimicrobial resistance pattern is changing, and outbreaks due to clindamycin-resistant ermB positive Type 027 strains have occurred in three European countries. Ongoing epidemiological surveillance of cases of CDI, with periodic characterisation of the strains involved, is required to detect clustering of cases in time and space and to monitor the emergence of new, highly virulent clones.-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId=18942en
dc.subjectCOMMUNICABLE DISEASEen
dc.subject.meshClostridium difficile-
dc.subject.meshDisease Outbreaks-
dc.subject.meshEnterocolitis, Pseudomembranous-
dc.subject.meshEurope-
dc.subject.meshEuropean Union-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshPolymerase Chain Reaction-
dc.subject.meshPopulation Surveillance-
dc.subject.meshRibotyping-
dc.subject.otherCLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILEen
dc.titleUpdate of Clostridium difficile infection due to PCR ribotype 027 in Europe, 2008.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentNational Reference Laboratory for Clostridium difficile. Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.en
dc.identifier.journalEuro surveillance : bulletin européen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletinen

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